Part Two of Me Pretending To Be A Dictionary

Before the weekend, I promised more definitions of the terms you may or may not find in discussions of Chronic Kidney Disease, or to be more specific – your Chronic Kidney Disease.  Without further ado (as they say in certain circles), here they are:

Hormones:  Gland produced chemicals that trigger tissues to do whatever their particular job is.

Hypertension: A possible cause of CKD, 140/90 mm Hg is currently considered hypertension, a risk factor for heart disease and stroke, too.

Hypertensive nephrosclerosis:  Kidney damage caused by HBP.

Hypertriglyceridemia: High triglyceride [major form of fat stored in the body] levels.

ICD:  International Statistical Classification of Disease and Related Health Problems, provides the medical codes for illnesses.

Ingested:  Taken by mouth.

Integumentary: The skin and its associates like the nails.

Interaction: Food or other medications which will affect how the one being prescribed works.

Kidney Stone: Stone caused in the urinary tract and kidney when crystals adhere to each other, most of those in the kidneys are made of calcium.

Lab: Short hand for medical laboratory, the place where your biological specimens are drawn and analyzed to ascertain the state of your health [think blood and urine, usually].

Lymphadenopathy: Disease of the lymph nodes.

M.A.: Short hand for medical assistant, the one who helps your health practitioner with clinical and administrative matters in the office.

Medicaid: U.S. government health insurance for those with limited income.

 Medicare: U.S. government health insurance for those over 65, those having certain special needs, or those who have end stage renal disease.

Meds:  Short hand for medication, chemical substances in the form of a script to treat, prevent, cure, or prevent disease.

Melena: Black, tarry, bloody stool.

MRI: Magnetic Resonance Imaging – a non-invasive method of imagining [seeing] the inside of your body.

Nausea: The feeling in the upper stomach that you need to vomit or are queasy.

Nephrolithiasis:  Kidney stones.

Nephrologist: Renal or kidney and hypertension specialist.

Nephrology: The subspecialty of internal medicine which deals with the kidneys and hypertension.

Nephrons: The part of the kidney that actually purifies and filters the blood.

Nephropathy: Kidney disease.

Nondistended: Not swollen.

NSAID: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen, aspirin, Aleve or naproxen usually used for arthritis or pain management, can worsen kidney disease, sometimes irreversibly.

Oral thrush: A mouth disease that can occur in people with compromised immune systems.

Orthostatis:  Fall in blood pressure which produces dizziness upon standing.

Oxalate: A simple molecule found in foods which sometimes combines with calcium to form kidney stones.

P.A.: Short hand for physician’s assistant, someone who is licensed to practice medicine under a licensed doctor’s supervision.

Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea: Sudden, recurring night bouts of shortness of breath.

Phosphorus:  One of the electrolytes, works with calcium for bone formation, but too much can cause calcification where you don’t want it: joints, eyes, skin and heart. 

Po: From the Latin per os meaning by mouth, usually found in the directions for a script.

Potassium: One of the electrolytes, important because it counteracts sodium’s effect on blood pressure.

 Protein:  Amino acids arranged in chains joined by peptide bonds to form a compound, important because some proteins are hormones, enzymes and antibodies.

Proteinuria: Protein in the urine, not a normal state of being.

Purine: Compound found mainly in beef, poultry, pork and fish that is metabolized into uric acid.

Pruritus: Itching, one whose cause might be kidney disease.

Rales: Crackling, clicking or rattling sounds in the lungs.

Renal: Of or about the kidneys.

Renin: Hormone that regulates blood pressure.

Rhonchi: Dry, leathery sounds in the lungs.

Script: Short hand for lab work order or prescription [orders from a medical practitioner for a pharmacy to provide medication or a medical device] depending upon how the term is used.

Sphygmomanometer: The cuff, the measuring device and the wires that connect the two in a machine used to measure your blood pressure, commonly called a blood pressure meter.

T3: Part of the CBC which measures your triiodothyronine, which is a thyroid hormone that plays an important role in controlling your metabolism.  If the T3 reading is abnormal, then the T4 test is ordered to find out what the problem might be.

Tid:  From the Latin ter in die meaning three times a day, usually found in the directions for a script.

Ultrasound: A certain kind of X ray that requires no radiation.

Ureter:  Carries urine from the kidneys to the bladder.

Veins: Vessels that carry blood toward the heart.

Vitamin D: Regulates calcium and phosphorous blood levels as well as promoting bone formation, among other tasks – affects the immune system.

The blog was a bit long today, but (hopefully) helpful.

Excuse me, I’ve got to go live my life now.  So, until Friday,

Keep living your life.

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