It’s – Almost – Not Science Fiction Anymore!

If you look on the blogroll to the right, below the calendar, you’ll see the American Society of Nephrology included.  Personally, I’m thankful this organization was one of the first to acknowledge my blog. As a Chronic Kidney Disease patient, I’m thankful they exist to keep us updated on the latest findings about our disease (among other things). This is the largest organization to deal with kidney disease.  That would explain why I periodically look at their site to see if there’s anything to share with early stage patients.  On Wednesday, their tweet referred to an article that could make kidney patients who are dreading eventual dialysis cry – for joy, that is.  I freely admit I am one of those.

Could patients’ own kidney cells cure kidney disease?

Reprogrammed kidney cells could make transplants and dialysis things of the past

  • Patients’ own kidney cells can be reprogrammed and used as therapy against kidney disease
  • Cells can easily be collected from the urine
  • 88,000 patients are waiting for a kidney transplant in the United States, and they wait for an average of 3 to 5 years

Washington, DC (July 27, 2011) — Approximately 60 million people across the globe have chronic kidney disease, and many will need dialysis or a transplant. Breakthrough research published in the Journal of the American Society Nephrology  (JASN) indicates that patients’ own kidney cells can be gathered and reprogrammed.  Reprogramming patients’ kidney cells could mean that in the future, fewer patients with kidney disease would require complicated, expensive procedures that affect their quality of life.

In the first study, Sharon Ricardo, PhD (Monash University, in Clayton, Australia) and her colleagues took cells from an individual’s kidney and coaxed them to become progenitor cells, allowing the immature cells to form any type in the kidney. Specifically, they inserted several key reprogramming genes into the renal cells that made them capable of forming other cells.

In a second study, Miguel Esteban, MD, PhD (Chinese Academy of Sciences, in Guangzhou, China) and his colleagues found that kidney cells collected from a patient’s urine can also be reprogrammed in this way. Using cells from urine allows a technology easy to implement in a clinic setting. Even better, the urine cells could be frozen and later thawed before they were manipulated.

If researchers can expand the reprogrammed cells—called induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs)—and return them to the patient, these IPSCs may restore the health and vitality of the kidneys. In addition to providing a potentially curative therapy for patients, the breakthroughs might also help investigators to study the causes of kidney disease and to screen new drugs that could be used to treat them.

In an accompanying editorial, Ian Rogers, PhD (Mount Sinai Hospital, in Toronto, Ontario, Canada) noted that “together, these two articles
demonstrate the feasibility of using kidney cells as a source of iPSCs, and efficient production of adult iPSCs from urine means that cells can
be collected at any time.”

Just as exciting, the ease of collection and high frequency of reprogramming described in these articles may help improve future therapies in many other areas of medicine.

###

Dr. Ricardo’s co-authors include Bi Song, Jonathan Niclis, Maliha Alikhan, Samy Sakkal, Aude Sylvain, Andrew Laslett, Claude Bernard (Monash University, in Clayton, Australia); and Peter Kerr, (Monash Medical Centre, Australia, in Clayton, Australia).

Dr. Esteban’s co-authors include Ting Zhou, Christina Benda, Yinghua Huang, Xingyan Li, Yanhua Li, Xiangpeng Guo, Guokun Cao, Shen Chen,
Duanqing Pei (Chinese Academy of Sciences, in Guangzhou, China); Sarah Duzinger (University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences); Lili Hao, Jiayan Wu (Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China); Yau-Chi Chan, Kwong-Man Ng, Jenny Cy Ho, Hung-Fat Tse (University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, in Hong Kong, HKSAR, China); Matthias Wieser (University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences and Austrian Center for Industrial Biotechnology (ACIB), in Vienna, Austria); Heinz Redl (Austrian Cluster for Tissue Regeneration, Vienna, Austria); and Johannes Grillari, Regina Grillari-Voglauer ( University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences and Evercyte GmbH, in Vienna, Austria).

The articles, entitled “Generation of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells from Human Kidney Mesangial Cells” and “Generation of Induced
Pluripotent Stem Cells from Urine,” as well as the editorial “Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells from Human Kidney,” are online at http://jasn.asnjournals.org/ doi 10.1681/ASN.2010101022, doi 10.1681/ASN.2011010106 and 10.1681/ASN.2011050501

The content of this article does not reflect the views or opinions of The American Society of Nephrology (ASN). Responsibility for the information and views expressed therein lies entirely with the author(s). ASN does not offer medical advice. All content in ASN publications is for informational purposes only, and is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, drug interactions, or adverse effects. This content should not be used during a medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Please consult your doctor or other qualified health care provider if you have any questions about a medical condition, or before taking any drug, changing your diet or commencing or discontinuing any course of treatment. Do not ignore or delay obtaining professional medical advice because of information accessed through ASN. Call 911 or your doctor for all medical emergencies.

Founded in 1966, and with more than 12,000 members, the American Society of Nephrology (ASN) leads the fight against kidney disease by
educating health professionals, sharing new knowledge, advancing research, and advocating the highest quality care for patients.

Be sure to take into account the “potentially,””could mean,” and “if” included in the article.  This is not a fait accompli, but we’re certainly closer to avoiding dialysis than we’ve ever been before. [not so silent happy dance in front of the computer] And make sure you read ASN’s disclaimer at the end of the article.  You’ll also see their own information about their society at the end of the article.

If you’re interested in seeng my source, use this URL:  http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2011-07/ason-cpo072711.php

I am thrilled whenever I find new information that gives me hope.  This is a thrilling day.

Until Tuesday,

Keep living your life!

Advertisements
Published in: on July 29, 2011 at 10:57 am  Leave a Comment  

The URI to TrackBack this entry is: https://gailraegarwood.wordpress.com/2011/07/29/its-almost-not-science-fiction-anymore/trackback/

RSS feed for comments on this post.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: